Sourcing Commitment on Protecting Forests through Fabric Choices
Vivienne Westwood recognises that we can create beautiful clothes while
demonstrating a responsible attitude towards people and the planet.
As such, the Vivienne Westwood brand supports a future that does not use
ancient and endangered forest for dissolving pulp to make man-made cellulosic fabrics
and textiles, including but not limited to rayon, viscose, lyocell and modal.
Vivienne Westwood is therefore committed to:
• Ensure that by 2021 we are not sourcing fabrics made of dissolving
pulp from ancient and endangered forests areas such as the Canadian
and Russian Boreal Forests; Coastal Temperate Rainforests,
tropical forests and peatlands of Indonesia, the Amazon and West Africa, and endangered
species habitat, and eventually from all natural forests.
• Work to eliminate, by 2021, sourcing fabric made from dissolving
pulp from companies that are logging forests illegallyii, from tree plantations established
after 1994 through the conversion or simplification of natural forests;
or from areas being logged in contravention of indigenous peoples' rights.
• Support visionary conservation solutions with Canopy that protect remaining
ancient and endangered forests, and reduce the loss of high carbon value forests in the Coastal Temperate
Rainforests of Vancouver Island and Great Bear Rainforestilliii,
Canada's Boreal Forestsiv, and Indonesia's Rainforests.v
• Give preference to suppliers that show commitment toward
the conservation of endangered forests and species habitat,
and that use effective strategies to reduce their greenhouse gas footprint.
• Request that our suppliers respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.vi
To do so, we request that our suppliers acknowledge the right of Indigenous People and rural communities
to give or withhold their Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) before
new logging rights are allocated or tree plantations are developed, and resolve
conflicts and human rights violations through a transparent and
mutually agreeable dispute resolution process.
• Encourage the development of alternate fibre sources,
such as fibre from agricultural residuesvii or recycled fabrics,
and collaborate with Canopy and innovative suppliers to advance the development of these fibres.
• When tree fibre is used, request that fibre for fabric is sourced from forests
are from responsibly managed forests, certified to the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification system,
and with a preference for FSC certified plantations over natural forests.viii
iAncient and endangered forests are defined as intact forest landscape mosaics, naturally rare forest types, forest types
that have been made rare due to human activity, and/or other forests that are ecologically critical for the protection of biological
diversity. Ecological components of endangered forests are: Intact forest landscapes; Remnant forests and restoration cores; Landscape
connectivity; Rare forest types; Forests of high species richness; Forests containing high concentrations of rare and endangered species;
Forests of high endemism; Core habitat for focal species; Forests exhibiting rare ecological and evolutionary phenomena. As a starting
point to geographically locate ancient and endangered forests, maps of High Conservation Value Forests (HCVF), as defined by the Forest
Stewardship Council (FSC), and of intact forest landscapes (IFL), can be used and paired with maps of other key ecological values like
the habitat range of key endangered species and forests containing high concentrations of terrestrial carbon and High Carbon Stocks
(HCS), (The Wye River Coalition's Endangered Forests: High Conservation Value Forests Protection — Guidance for Corporate Commitments. This
has been reviewed by conservation groups, corporations, and scientists such as Dr. Jim Stritholtt, President and Executive Director
of the Conservation Biology Institute, and has been adopted by corporations for their forest sourcing policies). Key endangered
forests globally are the Canadian and Russian Boreal Forests; Coastal Temperate Rainforests of British Columbia, Alaska and Chile;
Tropical forests and peat lands of Indonesia, the Amazon and West Africa. For more information on the definitions of ancient and endangered forests,
please go to: http://canopyplanet.org/index.php?page=science-behind-the-brand.
iiLegal forest management is management that complies with all applicable international, national, and local laws,
including environmental, forestry, and civil rights laws and treaties.
iiiThe Great Bear Rainforest is located in coastal temperate rainforests that originally covered 0.2% of the planet, and where now
less than 25% of the original forests remain. The historic Great Bear Rainforest Agreements were finalized in 2016 between environmentalists,
logging companies, First Nations and the British Colombia Government, and include the creation of a new land management regime called
Ecosystem-Based Management. Now more than 13.4 million acres (5,4 million hectares) are off limits to
logging and new lighter touch logging regulations are applied outside of conservancies.
ivProtection of Boreal Forests where the largest remaining tracts of forests are located worldwide is critical and dissolving pulp is
becoming an increasing threat. Canada's Boreal Forest contain the largest source of unfrozen freshwater world wide and are part of the world's
largest terrestrial carbon sink — equivalent to 26 years worth of global fossil fuel use. Canopy is committed to working collaboratively on the
establishment of new protected areas, the protection of endangered species and the implementation of sustainable harvesting in Canada's Boreal Forest.
vlndonesia experiences the second highest rate of deforestation among tropical countries, with Sumatra Island standing out due to the
intensive forest clearing that has resulted in the conversion of 70% of the island's forested area (FAO Forest Assessment 2010; Margono, BA. et
al. 2012). Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) and Asia Pacific Resources International Ltd. (APRIL) have been identified as the primary cause and are often
criticized by local and international groups for being implicated in deforesting important carbon rich peat lands, destroying the habitat for
critically endangered species and traditional lands of indigenous communities, corruption, and human rights abuses (Eyes on the Forest 2011.
http.•//www.eyesontheforest.or.id/), APP has put in place a promising forest policy, tracking its implementation will be key to understanding if it
offers lasting solutions for Indonesia's Rainforests. Cellulosic fibre producer Sateri, part of the Royal Golden Eagle Group along with APRIL,
has developed a forest sourcing commitment in June 2015 and we look forward to its implementation.
viiAgricultural Residues are residues left over from food production or other processes and using them maximizes the lifecycle of the
fiber. Fibers used for paper products include cereal straws like wheat straw, rice straw, seed flax straw, corn stalks, sorghum stalks, sugar
cane bagasse, and rye seed grass straw. Where the LCA (life cycle analysis) shows environmental benefits and conversion of forest land to on purpose
crops is not an issue, kenaf can also be included here. Depending on how they are harvested, fibers for fabrics may include flax, soy, bagasse,
and hemp. (Agricultural residues are not from on purpose crops that replace forest stands or food crops.)
viii Plantations area areas that have been "established by planting or sowing using either alien or native species, often with few
species, regular spacing and even ages, and which lack most of the principal characteristics and key elements of natural forests». Plantations prior
to 1994 are often FSC certified, Source FSC: http://vvwwfsc.org/download.plantations.441.htm